Hearing impairment, otherwise known as deafness or hearing loss is the lack of ability to hear. In children, deafness can be attributed to many factors, such as illness, genetics, physical trauma, chemical trauma, exposure to extreme noise, etc. The degree of the deafness can be determined by hearing testing; it can be profound, moderate or mild.
Sometimes, it is not easy for parents to know whether their children are suffering from hearing impairment. Often, children with hearing problems tend to look normal. However, if the problem is ignored or left untreated, it can lead to more problems, such as language, cognitive and speech problems. The sooner the problem is detected and treated, the better.
The good news is that children who suffer hearing loss can be treated thanks to the advanced technology. Even so, the problem has to be identified as early as possible. After the issue has been detected, the medical specialist can then decide on the best method to treat the problem. Kids with hearing issues can also be assisted to develop language and communication skills through special education programs. This way, they will be able to make the most of their limited hearing abilities. Since speech is normally developed through hearing other people speaking, this special training is aimed at helping kids with hearing problems master speech as well by speech therapy Melbourne.
There are different types of hearing loss. Mixed hearing impairment is a type of hearing problem which occurs when a child has both sensorineural and conductive hearing problems. Sensorineural hearing problem has to do with the damage of cochlea or inner ear, in basic terms. This problem is permanent and the sufferer can only be assisted through various hearing aids. Conductive hearing loss, on the other hand, has to do with the outer or middle ear. Generally, conductive hearing loss can be treated with surgery or special medication.
The severity of hearing impairment in children can vary from child to child. Some children have a complete hearing impairment, meaning that there cannot hear anything completely. Others have a partial hearing impairment, meaning that they can partly hear some sounds.There are also children who can hear but when there is no any background noise. Sometimes, this may be attributed to problems with one ear.Also, some children are born with hearing problems at birth while others acquire the problem after birth. It can be either progressive or sudden. Go here for further information regarding speech pathology
What causes hearing impairment in children? The causes of hearing problems are numerous. As aforementioned, genetic disorders are one of the main causes. Some inherited disorders may interfere with the normal development of a child’s ear, thereby leading to impairment. Illnesses or infections such as chickenpox, mumps, measles, brain tumors and chickenpox can affect theear as well. Other contributing factors include: certain medications, loud noise, injuries to the head or ear and complications during childbirth.
When all is said and done, it is important for parents to detect any sign of hearing problem in their children as early as possible. This way, proper corrective measures can be taken right away.